Location: grouping south side of Danforth Chapel
Approximate blooming period: late May - early June
Scotch Pine, Pinus sylvestris
Origin: Western Asia, Eastern Siberia
Habitat: USDA Zone 2
Height and Form: Conifer, evergreen tree, 30-60 ft (9-18 m), irregular, pyramidal in youth,
Foliage: Needles blue-green, 2 per bundle, 2.5-8 cm long, stiff, twisted, branches spreading, lower ones soon dying. Bark is orangish or orange-brown in upper branches, flaky.
Flowers, Fruit and Seeds: Cones often asymmetrical, 2.5-7 cm long (similar to leaves), with a short stalk.
Name: sylvestris: of the woods
- Dwarf or slow growing
- ‘Albyn’ - a mat-like shrub to about 15 inches (40 cm) high.
- ‘Glauca Nana’ - semi-dwarf round globe, leaves coarse blue, grows about 6 inches (15 cm) per years.
- ‘Nana’ - to about 20 inches (50 cm) high, densely branched, short twigs directed up, needles 3 cm long, blue-green.
- ‘Watereri’ - growing to 10-12 ft (3-4 m) high, nearly as wide, branch tips directed upward, needles 2.5-4 cm long, blue-green. Discovered in 1865.
- ‘Hillside Creeper’ - low growing creeping form, branches more or less horizontal, to 2 ft (0.6 m) high and 6 ft (1.8 m) wide.
- ‘Fastigiata’ - strict, columnar habit, to 50 ft (15 m) high, stiff upright branches, may become "untidy and bare" with age, some consider ‘Fastigiata Drath’ an improved upright form.
- ‘Globosa Viridis’ - reportedly a "dwarf gobose globe" but it resembles a Dwarf Alberta Spruce (e.g., ‘Conica’).
- ‘Aurea’ - needles bright gold in winter, may look sickly in summer, upright loose tree unless pruned, gowing about 1 ft (30 cm) per year.
- ‘Gold Coin’ - foliage golden-yellow in winter, dull yellow in summer, upright habit, grows 8-12 inches (20-30 cm) per year.
- ‘Pendula’ - branches distinctly pendulous, basal branches lying on the ground.